The charter is the document that officially starts the project and this is the process that creates it. If you don’t have a charter you don’t have an official project.
The 5 Process Groups
The project management process are organized into nine knowledge areas and based on five foundation process groups
- Monitoring and Controlling
The 44 Processes
The term process is one the most important and frequently used terms you will encounter when in project management field. Processes are composed of three elements : Input, tools & techniques and outputs.
The different inputs, tools and techniques and outputs are combined to form processes which are performed for a specific purpose.
Understanding a Process
Processes are the heart of project management. Almost everything in the world of project management is done through processes.
What is a process, anyway?
Look around you , you will see processes every-where , not only in project management.
For example , when you make coffee in the morning you go through a process. The water, the coffee filter and the roasted coffee beans are the inputs items to this process. The coffee maker is a tool and how you made the coffee is the technique. A cup of freshly brewed coffee is an output from this process.
So a process is a set of interrelated activities performed to obtain a specified set of products, results and services.
Input : Raw Materials for the process
Tools and Techniques: Operations on the raw data
Output : The outcome of the operations on this raw data
There are 44 unique processes identified and described in project management.
The knowledge areas in project management could be organized in nine groups
- Integration Management
- Scope Management
- Time Management
- Cost Management
- Quality Management
- Human Resources Management
- Communications Management
- Risk Management
- Procurement Management