The project management areas describes project management knowledge and practice in terms of their component processes. These processes have been organized into nine knowledge areas, such as described below.
- Project Integration Management, describes the processes required to ensure that the various elements of the project are properly coordinated. It consists of project plan development, plan execution, and integrated change control.
- Project Scope Management, describes the process required to ensure that the project includes all the work required , and only the work required, to complete the project successfully. It consists of initiation, scope planning , scope definition, scope verification , scope change control.
- Project Time Management, describes the processes required to ensure timely completion of the project. It consists of activity definition, activity sequencing, activity duration estimating, schedule development, and schedule control.
- Project Cost Management, describes the processes required to ensure the project is completed within the approved budget. It consists of resource planning, cost estimating, cost budgeting, and cost control.
- Project Quality Management, describes the processes required to ensure that the project will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken. It consists of quality planning, quality assurance and quality control.
- Project Human Resource Management, describes the processes required to make the most effective use of the people involved with the project . It consists of organizational planning, staff acquisition, and team development.
- Project Communications Management, describes the processes required to ensure timely and appropriate generation, collection and dissemination, storage and ultimately disposition of project information. It consists of communications planning, information distribution, performance reporting and administrative closure
- Project Risk Management, describes the processes concerned with identifying, analyzing, and responding to project risk. It consists of risk management planning, risk identification, qualitative risk analysis, quantitative risk analysis, risk response planning and risk monitoring and control.
- Project Procurement Management, describes the processes required to acquire goods and services from outside the performing organization. It consists of procurement planning, solicitation planning, solicitation, source selection, contract administration, and contract closeout.